The Wnt-β-catenin pathway controls numerous cellular processes, including differentiation, cell-fate decisions and dorsal-ventral polarity in the developing embryo. Heterotrimeric G-proteins are essential for Wnt signaling, and regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins are known to act at the level of G-proteins. The functional role of RGS proteins in the Wnt-β-catenin pathway was investigated in mouse F9 embryonic teratocarcinoma cells. RGS protein expression was investigated at the mRNA level, and each RGS protein identified was overexpressed and tested for the ability to regulate the canonical Wnt pathway. Expression of RGS19 specifically was found to attenuate Wnt-responsive gene transcription in a time- and dose-dependent manner, to block cytosolic β-catenin accumulation and Dishevelled3 (Dvl3) phosphorylation in response to Wnt3a and to inhibit Wnt-induced formation of primitive endoderm (PE). Overexpression of a constitutively active mutant of Gα 0 rescued the inhibition of Lef-Tcf-sensitive gene transcription caused by RGS19. By contrast, expression of RGS19 did not inhibit activation of Lef-Tcf gene transcription when induced in response to Dvl3 expression. However, knockdown of RGS19 by ARNA suppressed canonical Wnt signaling, suggesting a complex role for RGS19 in regulating the ability of Wnt3a to signal to the level of β-catenin and gene transcription.
Feigin, M. E., & Malbon, C. C. (2007). RGS19 regulates Wnt beta-catenin signaling through inactivation of G o. Journal of Cell Science, 120(19), 3404–3414. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.011254