Religion, social identity and social formation processes are topics of great interest to the archaeological community. Regarding the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age monuments of Central Europe, evidence from recent excavations at the Pömmelte enclosure in Central Germany suggests that circular or henge-like enclosures were monumental sanctuaries that served as venues for communal gatherings, ritual activities and performance. We suggest that such enclosures represent complex metaphors, possibly representing cosmological geographies, and that they also played important roles as communal structures in local identity formation and social regulation.
Spatzier, A., & Bertemes, F. (2018). The ring sanctuary of Pömmelte, Germany: a monumental, multi-layered metaphor of the late third millennium BC. Antiquity, 92(363), 655–673. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.92