Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and trichoepithelioma (TE) have some similarities clinically and histologically. The aim of this work is to evaluate the role of Bcl-2, CD10 and CD34 in differentiation between BCC and TE. Methods: The immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-2, CD10 and CD34 was evaluated in 20 BCCs and 12 TEs in a retrospective study. The localization of these markers in tumor and stromal cells was determined and comparison between BCC and TE was done. Immunohistochemistry for Bcl-2, CD10 and CD34 was performed on sections obtained from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks. Bcl-2, CD10 and CD34 immunoreactivity in the stromal and/or tumor cells was determined as follows: negative (0); 1+ (10% - 50% positive cells); and 2+ (>50% positive cells). Results: In BCC (20 cases), the expression of Bcl-2 in stromal cells showed (0) immunoreactivity in 8 cases (40%), (1+) immunoreactivity in 7 cases (35%), and (2+) immunoreactivity in 5 cases (25%). Tumoral cells showed diffuse positivity in 20 out of 20 cases (100%), (1+) immunoreactivity in 5 cases (25%) and (2+) immunoreactivity in 15 cases (75%). On the other hand, the expression of Bcl2 in TE, 4 cases showed positive stromal cells out of 12 (33.33%), (1+) immunoreactivity in 2 cases (16.6%) and (2+) immunoreactivity in 2 cases (16.6%), and 8 cases showed no immunoreactivity. Tumoral cells showed positivity in 12 out of 12 cases (100%), (1+) immunoreactivity in 5 cases (41.6%), (2+) immunoreactivity in 7 cases (58.3%).
Raheem, S. A., Alsahaer, R., Tealeb, A., & Rushdy, E. (2014). The Role of Bcl-2, CD10 and CD34 Expression in Differentiation between Basal Cell Carcinoma and Trichoepithelioma. Open Journal of Pathology, 04(03), 116–124. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojpathology.2014.43018