Retinal arterial macroaneurysm is an acquired, focal dilation of a retinal artery, typically occurring within the first three bifurcations of the central retinal artery. The clinical presentation of a retinal arterial macroaneurysm is highly variable, making initial diagnosis difficult and differentials many. Identification of retinal arterial macroaneurysms is crucial to appropriately co-manage with the primary care physician for hypertension control. Prognosis is generally good and observation is often an adequate treatment. However, in cases of macular threat or involvement, some treatment options are available and referral to a retinal specialist is indicated. © 2012 Spanish General Council of Optometry.
Speilburg, A. M., & Klemencic, S. A. (2014). Ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysm: Diagnosis and management. Journal of Optometry. Spanish Council of Optometry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2013.08.002