The biosorption of cadmium(II) on live and dead biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated with respect to the adsorption conditions. The biosorption mechanism was investigated by energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The effects of the biosorbent dose, initial metal ion concentration, initial pH and contact time were studied. The optimum conditions for cadmium(II) biosorption were found to be 3 g/L, 250 mg/L and 6.0, respectively, for biosorbent dose, initial metal ion concentration and initial pH. Cadmium(II) biosorption by dead cells was a fast process. Under these conditions, the maximum biosorption capacity of the dead biomass was obtained to be 55 mg/g, while that of live biomass was 36 mg/g. TEM observations indicated the presence of cadmium (II) deposits intracellularly and extracellularly. EDAX examinations showed that cadmium(II) was exchanged with the element (aluminum) present on the surface of native cells of S. cerevisiae, thereby suggesting the occurrence of bioadsorption, ion exchange and complexation. Cadmium(II) biosorption capacity on dead cells was enhanced by ethanol treatment and alginate immobilization. Overall, the results showed that the ethanol-treated, alginate-immobilized biomass was capable of removing cadmium(II) from wastewater samples.
Manal, T. E. S. (2012). The use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for removing cadmium(II) from aqueous waste solutions. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 6(41), 6893–6899. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajmr12.613