As a measure of performance, safety indicators are already used for many types of operations, such as in the offshore oil and gas industry. The indicators are used by operators to enhance the safety and performance of the individual plants or vessels and total productivity of the system. This paper reviews existing safety analyses of the offshore wind industry, the onshore wind industry and offshore oil and gas indus- tries. An offshore wind farm is divided into subsystems and operational phases. Safety indicators are developed for the phases and subsystems by reviewing existing safety indicators from related industries and adapting them to the offshore wind industry. The indicators for the individual subsystems and phases are then combined to provide safety indicators for the whole wind farm over the lifetime. Finally, the indicators are matched against incident data from the offshore wind industry and an outlook for further research and indicator validation is given.
Seyr, H., & Muskulus, M. (2016). Safety Indicators for the Marine Operations in the Installation and Operating Phase of an Offshore Wind Farm. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 94, pp. 72–81). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.09.200