Objectives: To describe the application of practice-based evidence (PBE) methodology to spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation in the SCIRehab study, and to summarize associations of patient characteristics and treatment interventions to outcomes. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Six SCI rehabilitation centers. Participants: Patients with traumatic SCI (N=1376) admitted for first rehabilitation. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: FIM and residence at discharge, and FIM, residence, Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique, work/school status, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Diener Satisfaction with Life Scale, rehospitalization, and presence of pressure ulcers at 1 year postinjury. Results: Patient demographic and injury characteristics explained significant variation in rehabilitation outcomes, particularly functional outcomes. Regression modeling also identified a large number of significant associations with outcomes when total time in each discipline was modeled and when models were developed for each discipline, examining time spent in the many specific interventions provided by each discipline. Conclusions: The application of PBE methodology in the SCIRehab study provided extensive information about the process of inpatient SCI rehabilitation. While patient demographic and injury characteristics explain substantial variation in rehabilitation outcomes, particularly functional outcomes, significant relations also were found between the type and quantity of treatment interventions delivered by each rehabilitation discipline and a broad range of outcomes. © 2013 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.
Whiteneck, G. G., & Gassaway, J. (2013). SCIRehab uses practice-based evidence methodology to associate patient and treatment characteristics with outcomes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(4 SUPPL.). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2012.12.022