The significance of renewable energy and energy security to Indonesia's agenda on energy security and its sustainability is the main focus of this paper. Specifically, it studied current status of both issues and discoursed the opportunities and challenges in the further expansion and utilization of renewable energy. The study explored and employed secondary data from Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, World Bank, International Energy Agency, World Energy Council, and ASEAN Centre for Energy. It used also some relevant informative reports to support the analysis. The major findings are:  renewable energy performs an important role for an increasingly significant share of Indonesia's energy mix for power generation in 2025 vision and  geothermal and hydropower are the main renewable-energy sources. Nevertheless, rather complex institutional and stakeholder arrangements in the energy sector have impeded the promotion of renewable energy. This study contributes on building the existing knowledge base on Indonesia renewable energy.
Mappangara, D., & Warokka, A. (2016). In Search of the Ideal Energy Mix for Indonesia: Renewable Energy and Energy Security. Journal of Southeast Asian Research, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.5171/2015.380252