The genus Pentas belongs to the Rubiaceae family, which contains approximately 40 species. Several Pentas species were reported to be used as a folk treatment by African indigenous people in treating some diseases such as malaria, tapeworms, dysentery, gonorrhea, syphilis and snake poisoning. This article covers the period from 1962 to 2017 and presents an overview of the biological activity of different Pentas species and describes their phytochemical traits. As a conclusion, the main secondary metabolites from Pentas species are quinones, highly oxygenated chromene-based structures, and iridoids. Pentas species are widely used in folk medicine but they have to be more investigated for their medicinal properties.
Sweelam, H. tollah M., Abd-Alla, H. I., Abdelwahab, A. B., Gabr, M. M., & Kirsch, G. (2018, March 1). Secondary metabolites and biological activity of Pentas species: A minireview. Journal of Advanced Research. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2017.12.003