Seismic diagenetic facies is an important control on reservoir quality. This study investigated the feasibility of predicting sandstone diagenetic facies using conventional 3D seismic data by seismic sedimentology and calibrated by laboratory core-analysis data in the Qijia area of the Songliao Basin. Three core issues are related to seismic characterization of diagenetic facies, including how to correlate stratigraphic and diagenetic units from seismic data, how to evaluate the relationship between core-based diagenetic facies and seismic attributes, and how to find an effective way of mapping seismic diagenetic facies. Well- and seismic-based, high-resolution sequence analysis and seismic stratal slicing provide reservoir-scale (20 m) seismic representations of diagenetic units. Core-based analyses of sandstone diagenetic processes and diagenetic sequences reveal the kind of diagenesis that most influences reservoir quality. An investigation of reservoir parameters and acoustic rock properties further reveals the link between diagenetic facies and impedance, leading to a recognition of calcite cementation as the process that can be detected by seismic data. A seismic-based lithology cube (e.g., 90°-phased seismic volume) provides the amplitude (impedance) signal for detection of diagenetic facies. Stratal slices made from the seismic-based lithology cube are then used to interpret depositional facies and systems. Eventually a seismic diagenetic-facies map is generated through analysis of the relationships between depositional facies, impedance, and diagenetic facies. A case study of clay- and calcite-cemented sandstone in the Qijia area shows that although still in its infancy, seismic detection of sandstone diagenetic facies using conventional seismic data is definitely feasible. © 2013 Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, PetroChina.
Zeng, H., Zhu, X., Zhu, R., & Zhang, Q. (2013). Seismic prediction of sandstone diagenetic facies: Applied to Cretaceous Qingshankou Formation in Qijia Depression, Songliao Basin, East China. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 40(3), 287–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1876-3804(13)60035-X