© 2017 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are an abundant mammal with a wide geographic distribution in the United States, which make them good sentinels for monitoring arboviral activity across the country. Exposure to various arboviruses has been detected in white-tailed deer, typically in conjunction with another diagnostic finding. To better assess the exposure of white-tailed deer to seven arboviruses, wetested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4.2%), St. Louis encephalitis, (3.7%), West Nile (6.0%), Maguari (19.4%), La Crosse (30.3%), and blu etongue (7.8%) viruses. At least one arbovirus was detected in 51.3%, and exposure to more than one arbovirus was identified in 17.6% of the white-tailed deer sampled.
Pedersen, K., Wang, E., Weaver, S. C., Wolf, P. C., Randall, A. R., Van Why, K. R., … Gidlewski, T. (2017). Serologic evidence of various arboviruses detected in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in the United States. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 97(2), 319–323. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180