Serum soluble fms-like tyrosine Kinase 1 (sFlt-1) predicts the severity of acute pancreatitis

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Abstract

� 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Organ failure is the most important determinant of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) is positively associated with organ failure in sepsis. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of automated sFlt-1 measurements for early prediction of AP severity. Adult patients (66) with AP were recruited, including 46 with mild (MAP), 15 with moderately-severe (MSAP) and 5 with severe AP (SAP). Serum and urine samples were collected twice. Serum sFlt-1 was measured with automated electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Serum concentrations of sFlt-1 were significantly higher in patients with MSAP and SAP as compared to MAP. SAP patients had the highest concentrations. At 24 and 48 h, sFlt-1 positively correlated with inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, C-reactive protein), kidney function (creatinine, urea, cystatin C, serum and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, urine albumin/creatinine ratio), D-dimer and angiopoietin-2. sFlt-1 positively correlated with the bedside index of severity in AP (BISAP) score and the duration of hospital stay. Serum sFlt-1 above 139 pg/mL predicted more severe AP (MSAP + SAP). In the early phase of AP, sFlt-1 is positively associated with the severity of AP and predicts organ failure, in particular kidney failure. Serum sFlt-1 may be a practical way to improve early assessment of AP severity.

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Dumnicka, P., Sporek, M., Mazur-Laskowska, M., Ceranowicz, P., Kuźniewski, M., Drożdż, R., … Kuśnierz-Cabala, B. (2016). Serum soluble fms-like tyrosine Kinase 1 (sFlt-1) predicts the severity of acute pancreatitis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17122038

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