A number of Ca2+ -activated actin filament severing proteins have been identified in eukaryotic cells of diverse lineages. Gelsolin and villin, with molecular mass of about 80-90 kDa, and severin and fragmin, with molecular mass of about 40 kDa, have been isolated from vertebrates and invertebrates, respectively. We report here a direct comparison of the functional properties of gelsolin and severin, and the finding that the actin filament severing activity of severin, like that of gelsolin, is inhibited by polyphosphoinositides. However, severin does not nucleate actin filament assembly as well as gelsolin. These characteristics are very similar to those ascribed to the NH2,-terminal half of gelsolin, supporting the idea that they are evolutionarily related. Regulation of severin by polyphospholipids raises the possibility that it may participate in agonist-stimulated regulation of the actin cytoskeleton in Dictyostelium discoideum. © 1990.
Yin, H. L., Janmey, P. A., & Schleicher, M. (1990). Severin is a gelsolin prototype. FEBS Letters, 264(1), 78–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(90)80769-F