Previous studies have indicated that peripheral achromatic grating resolution is limited by the sampling density of the neural array (sampling limited), and largely unaffected by large amounts of optical defocus and significant changes in luminance. Under certain conditions, peripheral short-wavelength sensitive (SWS) grating acuity is also sampling limited. We wished to determine how the sampling-limited nature of SWS-driven grating resolution was affected by changing optical defocus and stimulus luminance. Using SWS-cone isolation techniques, detection and resolution acuity were measured for sinusoidal gratings under varying levels of stimulus mean luminance and optical defocus in the fovea and at 20° eccentricity. From 1.4 down to 0.3 cd/m2 peripheral detection acuity was superior to resolution acuity, accompanied by observations of aliasing: there was little change in resolution performance throughout this range. For defocus up to 3-4 dioptres, peripheral detection acuity was superior to resolution but fell steadily: resolution performance remained flat throughout the same range. Unlike achromatic acuity, foveal resolution performance displayed some robustness to defocus but to a lesser degree than the periphery. Peripheral SWS-driven resolution remains sampling limited for large changes in stimulus luminance and optical defocus, and should thus be useful as a clinical test of SWS-driven ganglion cell density. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Anderson, R. S., Coulter, E., Zlatkova, M. B., & Demirel, S. (2003). Short-wavelength acuity: Optical factors affecting detection and resolution of blue-yellow sinusoidal gratings in foveal and peripheral vision. Vision Research, 43(1), 101–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6989(02)00410-8