Objectives: This study investigated the photopolymerization-induced shrinkage properties of conventional methacrylate-based composites modified by a novel spiro-orthocarbonate (SOC) expanding monomer. Methods: The epoxy monomer and SOC expanding monomer were added to a methacrylate-based resin matrix at five different ratios ranging from 20 wt.% (SOC+Epoxy) (group 1) to 60 wt.% (SOC+Epoxy) (group 5). Volumetric shrinkage and contraction stress developing after polymerization were measured using X-ray micro-computed tomography and a universal testing machine, respectively. Results: The volumetric shrinkage of the resin composite samples ranged from 0.92% (group 5) to 3.85% (control group) 30 min after light curing. Group 5 had the lowest volumetric shrinkage (p<0.05), followed by groups 4, 3, 2 and 1. The contraction stress of the materials ranged from 1.86 MPa (group 5) to 3.56 MPa (control group). The lowest contraction stress was also observed in group 5, 30 min after curing (p<0.05). Conclusion: Including SOC expanding monomer reduced volumetric shrinkage and contraction stress of composites in comparison with conventional methacrylate-based composites. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sun, X., Li, Y., Xiong, J., Hu, X., & Chen, J. (2011). Shrinkage properties of a modified dental resin composites containing a novel spiro-orthocarbonate expanding monomer. Materials Letters, 65(23–24), 3586–3589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2011.07.097