The reasons for silicon being considered as the ideal electronic material are discussed. Silicon plays a crucial role in assessing the validity of the first principles approach. The first quantum molecular dynamics were done on silicon, including theoretical studies of the electronic and structural properties of liquid and amorphous silicon. The advances in silicon technology have played a crucial role in providing the benchmark material of merit for assessing the fundamental science of condensed matter.
Chelikowsky, J. (2002). Why silicon is the benchmark. Materials Today. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1369-7021(02)00664-8