The virally encoded chemokine receptors US28 from human cytomegalovirus and ORF74 from human herpesvirus 8 are both constitutively active. We show that both receptors constitutively activate the transcription factors nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and that both pathways are modulated by their respective endogenous receptor ligands. By addition of specific pathway modulators against the G protein subunit Gαi, phospholipase C, protein kinase C, calcineurin, p38 MAP kinase, and MEK1, we find that the constitutive and ligand-dependent inductions are mediated by multiple yet similar pathways in both receptors. The NFAT and CREB transcription factors and their upstream activators are known inducers of host and virally encoded genes. We propose that the activity of these virally encoded chemokine receptors coordinates host and potentially viral gene expression similarly. As ORF74 is a known inducer of neoplasia, these findings may have important implications for cytomegalovirus-associated pathogenicity. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
McLean, K. A., Holst, P. J., Martini, L., Schwartz, T. W., & Rosenkilde, M. M. (2004). Similar activation of signal transduction pathways by the herpesvirus-encoded chemokine receptors US28 and ORF74. Virology, 325(2), 241–251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2004.04.027