In this paper, a new and simple approach is presented to exactly calculate the critical buckling loads of beams with arbitrarily axial inhomogeneity. For various end boundary conditions, we transform the governing equation with varying coefficients to linear algebraic equations; then a characteristic equation in critical buckling loads will be obtained. Several examples of estimating buckling loads under typical end supports are discussed. By comparing our numerical results with the exact and existing results for homogeneous and nonhomogeneous beams, it can be found that our method has fast convergence and the obtained numerical results have high accuracy. Moreover, the buckling behavior of a functionally graded beam composed of aluminum and zirconia as two constituent phases is investigated for axially varying material properties. The effects of gradient parameters on the critical buckling loads are elucidated. Finally, we give an example to illustrate the enhancement of the load-carrying capacity of tapered beams for admissible shape profiles with constant volume or weight. The proposed method is of benefit to optimum design of beams against buckling in engineering applications. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Huang, Y., & Luo, Q. Z. (2011). A simple method to determine the critical buckling loads for axially inhomogeneous beams with elastic restraint. Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 61(9), 2510–2517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2011.02.037