A SIMPLE PREDICTIVE SCORE FOR PRE-ADMISSION IDENTIFICATION OF RISK OF 30-DAY HOSPITAL READMISSION OR DEATH IN HEART FAILURE

  • Su Z
  • Brecht T
  • Gliklich R
  • et al.
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Abstract

Background: Readmissions after heart failure (HF) are the focus of pay-for-performance initiatives. Early and accurate identifcation of patients at risk for readmissions may improve quality and reduce cost of care. Methods: OM1 Linked Data contains linked claims and EMR data from 20 million US patients. Of ~200,000 patients with HF, 24,615 met study criteria of at least 1 HF-related hospital admission and at least 6 months data preceding that admission. Logistic regression, random forests, classifcation and regression trees were used to identify pre-admission predictors of 30-day readmission or death. Models were tested by 10-fold cross-validation in CART and training-validation (67% versus 33%) in logistic regression. We computed the simple risk score by adding the assigned weights to each predictor based on the parameter estimates from the logistic regression. Results: Of the 24,615 patients with index HF hospitalization, 3,109 (13%) were readmitted within 30 days and 365 (1.5%) died. Hospitalizations in the previous year (odds ratio [confdence interval]: 1.2 [1.1, 1.3]), procedures in the previous year (1.1 [1.0, 1.1]), 5-point higher Charlson comorbidity index (1.6 [1.3, 2.0]), and months since last hospitalization (0.9 [0.9, 1.0]) were the strongest predictors. The overall classifcation rate in the cross-validation cohort was 69%; 73% in 21,141 patients who did not have an outcome, and 46% in 3,474 patients who died or were readmitted. The median [Q1, Q3] risk score was 35 [18, 59] in the validation cohort (n=8208). The risk score correlated well with the readmission rate within each decile: R2=0.90 in both the weighted and unweighted regression analyses where the weight was the number of patients within each decile. Patients with risk scores of ≥5 were classifed as high risk. In the validation cohort of 1,157 patients who were readmitted or died, 600 (51.9%) had a risk score of at least 5. Conclusions: Our model correctly predicted 30-day readmission or death in 7 out of 10 patients, prior to index HF admission. We developed a simple score based on routinely available data to identify patients at high risk. We will use notes, and machine learning techniques to further improve predictive accuracy.

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Su, Z., Brecht, T., Gliklich, R., & Menon, V. (2017). A SIMPLE PREDICTIVE SCORE FOR PRE-ADMISSION IDENTIFICATION OF RISK OF 30-DAY HOSPITAL READMISSION OR DEATH IN HEART FAILURE. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 69(11), 772. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0735-1097(17)34161-x

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