Simulation of normal and pathological gaits using a fusion knowledge strategy

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Abstract

: Gait distortion is the first clinical manifestation of many pathological disorders. Traditionally, the gait laboratory has been the only available tool for supporting both diagnosis and prognosis, but under the limitation that any clinical interpretation depends completely on the physician expertise. This work presents a novel human gait model which fusions two important gait information sources: an estimated Center of Gravity (CoG) trajectory and learned heel paths, by that means allowing to reproduce kinematic normal and pathological patterns. The CoG trajectory is approximated with a physical compass pendulum representation that has been extended by introducing energy accumulator elements between the pendulum ends, thereby emulating the role of the leg joints and obtaining a complete global gait description. Likewise, learned heel paths captured from actual data are learned to improve the performance of the physical model, while the most relevant joint trajectories are estimated using a classical inverse kinematic rule. The model is compared with standard gait patterns, obtaining a correlation coefficient of 0.96. Additionally,themodel simulates neuromuscular diseases like Parkinson (phase 2, 3 and 4) and clinical signs like the Crouch gait, case in which the averaged correlation coefficient is 0.92.

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Martínez, F., Cifuentes, C., & Romero, E. (2013). Simulation of normal and pathological gaits using a fusion knowledge strategy. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-10-73

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