The target proteins for arrestin (48 kDa protein) action during the quench of cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) activation in retinal rod disk membranes were identified by the use of a cross-linking reagent. A heterobifunctional, cleavable, photoactivatable cross-linker (sulfo-SADP) was coupled to purified arrestin. Under precise weak visible light bleach and nucleotide conditions of quench, the cross-linker was UV flash-activated at a time when quench was well established. The target proteins covalently linked to arrestin by cross-linker activation were identified by immunoblotting. In the presence of ATP arrestin cross-linked to both PDE and rhodopsin during the quench phenomenon. Removal of ATP from the reaction mixture essentially abolished the cross-link with PDE, just as ATP omission abolishes quench, but significantly increased the cross-link to rhodopsin. The absence of a cross-link to the plentiful β-subunit of transductin, as well as the results of competition studies employing arrestin without attached cross-linker, suggest that the observed cross-links are specific and reflect true binding interactions of arrestin during quench. The data are consistent with a model of quench in which photolyzed rhodopsin (R*) catalyses the formation of an activated form of arrestin, which dissociates from R* in the presence of ATP, and binds to PDEs, thereby deactivating them. © 1988.
Zuckerman, R., & Cheasty, J. E. (1988). Sites of arrestin action during the quench phenomenon in retinal rods. FEBS Letters, 238(2), 379–384. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(88)80516-7