Monodispersed magnetite (Fe3O4) nanospheres with hollow or porous interior structures were synthesized by a facile one-pot solvothermal route. The facile synthetic process was carried out by using iron (III) chloride hexahydrate (FeCl36H2O) as only ferric ion resource, and anhydrous sodium acetate (NaAc) as structure-directing agent in an ethylene glycol solution without any templates or surfactants involved. The sizes, morphologies, crystal structures and magnetic properties of hollow Fe3O4 NPs are characterized via Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques. The influences of reaction time, molar ratio of reactants on the morphologies and magnetic performances are also investigated. The different morphologies of magnetite (Fe3O4) particles were presented with tunable size ranging from 85 to 250 nm and controllable structures including porous and hollow construction by using different amount of anhydrous NaAc. A plausible mechanism based on sodium acetate assistant local Ostwald ripening is proposed for acquiring the tailorable morphology and magnetic performance. Such a design conception of anhydrous NaAc assisted Ostwald ripening applied here is a significant alternative for synthesizing hollow magnetic particles, and it could elucidate some light to understand and construct other novel hollow/mesoporous nanostructures.
He, Q., Liu, J., Liang, J., Liu, X., Ding, Z., Tuo, D., & Li, W. (2018). Sodium Acetate Orientated Hollow/Mesoporous Magnetite Nanoparticles: Facile Synthesis, Characterization and Formation Mechanism. Applied Sciences, 8(2), 292. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8020292