© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. In this study, Hippospongia communis marine demosponge skeleton was used as an adsorbent for sodium copper chlorophyllin (SCC). Obtained results indicate the high sorption capacity of this biomaterial with respect to SCC. Batch experiments were performed under different conditions and kinetic and isotherms properties were investigated. Acidic pH and the addition of sodium chloride increased SCC adsorption. The experimental data were well described by a pseudo-second order kinetic model. Equilibrium adsorption isotherms were determined and the experimental data were analyzed using both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The effectiveness of the process was confirmed by 13 C Cross Polarization Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ( 13 C CP/MAS NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and thermogravimetric analysis (TG). This novel SCC-sponge-based functional hybrid material was found to exhibit antimicrobial activity against the gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.
Norman, M., Bartczak, P., Zdarta, J., Tomala, W., Żurańska, B., Dobrowolska, A., … Jesionowski, T. (2016). Sodium copper chlorophyllin immobilization onto Hippospongia communis marine demosponge skeleton and its antibacterial activity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17101564