In the German national research and development project "HeizSolar" the building concept of Solar-Active-Housesis analyzed. The concept allows for a high fraction of solar thermal energyof more than 50% of the total heat supply. Within the project nine existing buildings have been monitored since the beginning of the heating period of 2011. The technology applied for this kind of supply concept has been introduced in [1,2]. Based on the data obtained from the in-situ monitoring, typical operation conditions have been identified and analyzed in . The measured datawas also used to derive parameters to calibratea dynamic system simulation model for Solar-Active-Houses. Theelaborated model focuses on the performance of the solar thermal collector as well as the solar circuit. What is more, the dynamic interaction between the solar thermal heat generator and the auxiliary heating systems as well as the heat distribution system are incorporated in detail. Finally the diffuse heat flux resulting of the integration of large hot water storage tanks into the building envelope is implemented to the model. This model is applied in the following to analyze the general thermal behavior of the supply concept and to derive optimization potentials. In detail the systems performance in regard to different types of heat transferal systems for space heating is demonstrated. Also the dimensioning in regard to the key parameters of collector area and the thermal capacity of the storage system consisting of a hot water storage tankare stated.
Oliva, A., Stryi-Hipp, G., Kobelt, S., Bestenlehner, D., Drück, H., & Dasch, G. (2015). Solar-Active-Houses - Dynamic System Simulations to Analyze Building Concepts with High Fractions of Solar Thermal Energy. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 70, pp. 652–660). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.02.173