Spared cognitive processing of visual oddballs despite delayed visual evoked potentials in patient with partial recovery of vision after 53years of blindness

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Abstract

We examined the visual and cognitive functions of a 72-year-old subject, KP, who recovered his sight after 53. years of visual deprivation. We used visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to pattern-reversal and motion-onset stimuli and cognitive responses (ERPs) during the oddball paradigm to assess the effect of long-term deprivation on a mature visual system. KP lost his sight at the age of 17. years, and light projection onto his right retina was restored at 71. years by a corneal implant. Nine months after sight recovery we recorded reproducible responses to all examined stimuli. The response to pattern reversal contained two P100-like peaks with the later peak being dominant and significantly delayed (260. ms) when compared to the P100s of two control subjects, to whom the stimuli were adjusted in size and contrast to mimic KP's vision. KP's motion-onset VEPs to full-field and peripheral stimuli had a characteristic shape with a well-defined N2 peak; however, both peaks were significantly delayed (262 and 272. ms) compared to control responses. Unlike the P100 and N2 peaks, which represent sensory detection, the P3b/P300 component of the ERP to a target event in the oddball paradigm was not further delayed. In spite of degraded vision and sensory deprivation lasting 53. years, KP displayed reproducible responses to all reported stimuli. Long-term visual deprivation and retinal detachment degraded KP's visual sensory processing, assessed by pattern-reversal and motion-onset VEPs, whereas the cognitive processing of appropriate visual stimuli was not compromised. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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Kremláček, J., Šikl, R., Kuba, M., Szanyi, J., Kubová, Z., Langrová, J., … Stodůlka, P. (2013). Spared cognitive processing of visual oddballs despite delayed visual evoked potentials in patient with partial recovery of vision after 53years of blindness. Vision Research, 81, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2012.12.013

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