Spilanthol (C 14 H 23 NO, 221.339 g/mol) is a bioactive compound that is found in many different plants that are used as traditional remedies throughout the world. It is present in Heliopsis longipes and several species in the genus Acmella, including A. oleracea L., also known as paracress and jambu. Its leaves and flowers have sensory properties (pungency, tingling, numbing, mouth-watering) that make it a popular spice and ingredient in several Brazilian dishes. Spilanthol can exert a variety of biological and pharmacological effects including analgesic, neuroprotective, antioxidant, antimutagenic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antilarvicidal and insecticidal activities. So, the aim of this review is to present a literature review on the spilanthol that describes its occurrence, chemistry, extraction and biological activities.
Barbosa, A. F., de Carvalho, M. G., Smith, R. E., & Sabaa-Srur, A. U. O. (2016, January 1). Spilanthol: Occurrence, extraction, chemistry and biological activities. Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy. Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2015.07.024