Spontaneous dissection of renal artery: Long-term results of extracorporeal reconstruction and autotransplantation

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Abstract

Purpose: We undertook this study to assess the outcome of spontaneous dissection of the renal artery and its branches surgically treated with extracorporeal reconstruction and autotransplantation. Subjects: Between 1975 and 1996, 15 consecutive patients (19 kidneys) with spontaneous renal artery dissection underwent renal artery reconstruction. Fourteen patients had accelerated hypertension. Five patients had impaired renal function. In 14 patients the dissection was associated with fibrodysplasia, and in 1 patient it was related to arteriosclerosis. Intervention: In 17 kidneys extracorporeal reconstruction and autotransplantation was used. The renal artery of 1 kidney was reconstructed in situ. One primary nephrectomy was performed. Results: There were no operative deaths or major morbidity. All but 1 reconstruction was successful (94.4%). Results at follow-up (range, 1-8 years) were favorable in 14 patients; 79% had satisfactory blood pressure control, and all patients had normal renal function, including those with impaired renal function preoperatively. Conclusions: Extracorporeal reconstruction and autotransplantation can be effectively used in patients with spontaneous renal artery dissection located in or extending into the distal branches. Early recognition and appreciation of the clinical presentation of spontaneous renal artery dissection are important. Copyright © 2003 by The Society for Vascular Surgery and The American Association for Vascular Surgery.

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Van Rooden, C. J., Van Baalen, J. M., & Van Bockel, J. H. (2003). Spontaneous dissection of renal artery: Long-term results of extracorporeal reconstruction and autotransplantation. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 38(1), 116–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0741-5214(02)75453-0

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