Muscle hematomas are rare complications in dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). We report a case of 58-year-old-female admitted with dengue fever who developed spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma complicating DHF. She presented with progressive thrombocytopenia with platelet count reaching 13000/μL at its lowest point. There was evidence of plasma leakage and persistent cough during the course of illness. During the recovery phase, she reported severe abdominal pain and developed hematoma in the right rectus sheath, which was confirmed by abdominal computed-tomography scan and serial magnetic resonance imaging. This complication during convalescent period of DHF needs to be recognized so it can be managed appropriately.
Nelwan, E. J., Angelina, F., Adiwinata, R., Matondang, S., & Andriono, P. (2017). Spontaneous rectus sheath hematomas in dengue hemorrhagic fever: A case report. IDCases, 10, 35–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2017.08.004