Squamocin belongs to a group of compounds called annonaceous acetogenins. They are secondary products of Annonaceae metabolism and can be isolated from Annona cherimolia seeds. This paper deals with the stimulation of biofilm formation of Bacillus atrophaeus CN4 by employing low squamocin concentrations to increase naphthalene degradation. Bacillus atrophaeus CN4, isolated from contaminated soil, has the ability to degrade naphthalene as the only source of carbon and energy. In the absence of additional carbon sources, the strain removed 69% of the initial concentration of naphthalene (approx. 0.2 mmol/l) in the first 12 h of incubation. The addition of squamocin in LB medium stimulated Bacillus atrophaeus CN4 biofilm formation and enhanced naphthalene removal. Squamocin (2.5 μg/ml) does not affect planktonic growth and therefore, the observed increases are solely due to the stimulation of biofilm formation.
Parellada, E. A., Igarza, M., Isacc, P., Bardón, A., Ferrero, M., Ameta, K. L., & Neske, A. (2017). Squamocin, an annonaceous acetogenin, enhances naphthalene degradation mediated by Bacillus atrophaeus CN4. Revista Argentina de Microbiologia, 49(3), 282–288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ram.2017.03.004