Status epilepticus in children

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Abstract

Aetiology and outcome of status epilepticus in children are different in comparison with adult patients. The main characteristics of status epilepticus in 112 children (age 6 months-15 years) are presented, with special attention to age, duration of status epilepticus, causes, medical complications and therapy. The greater part of these children was known to have had prior epilepsy, a considerable number with mental retardation. Outcome in convulsive status epilepticus is influenced by cause, duration, age, the occurrence of medical complications and quality of treatment. Outcome in nonconvulsive status epilepticus is good and does not seem to be influenced by the treatment strategy. The use of a therapy protocol may prevent unnecessary delay and contribute to a better outcome.

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Scholtes, F. B. J., Renier, W. O., & Meinardi, H. (1996). Status epilepticus in children. Seizure, 5(3), 177–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1059-1311(96)80033-1

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