The regulatory light chain (RLC) from chicken gizzard myosin was covalently modified on cysteine 108 with either the 5- or 6-isomer of iodoacetamidotetramethylrhodamine (IATR). Labeled RLCs were purified by fast protein liquid chromatography and characterized by reverse- phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), tryptic digestion, and electrospray mass spectrometry. Labeled RLCs were exchanged into the native myosin heads of single skinned fibers from rabbit psoas muscle, and the ATR dipole orientations were determined by fluorescence polarization. The 5- and 6-ATR dipoles had distinct orientations, and model orientational distributions suggest that they are more than 20°apart in rigor. In the rigor-to-relaxed transition (sarcomere length 2.4 μm, 10°C), the 5-ATR dipole became more perpendicular to the fiber axis, but the 6-ATR dipole became more parallel. This orientation change was absent at sarcomere length 4.0 μm, where overlap between myosin and actin filaments is abolished. When the temperature of relaxed fibers was raised to 30°C, the 6- ATR dipoles became more parallel to the fiber axis and less ordered; when ionic strength was lowered from 160 mM to 20 mM (5°C), the 6- ATR dipoles became more perpendicular to the fiber axis and more ordered. In active contraction (10°C), the orientational distribution of the probe dipoles was similar but not identical to that in relaxation, and was not a linear combination of the orientational distributions in relaxation and rigor.
Sabido-David, C., Brandmeier, B., Craik, J. S., Corrie, J. E. T., Trentham, D. R., & Irving, M. (1998). Steady-state fluorescence polarization studies of the orientation of myosin regulatory light chains in single skeletal muscle fibers using pure isomers of iodoacetamidotetramethylrhodamine. Biophysical Journal, 74(6), 3083–3092. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(98)78015-4