Objective: To evaluate in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle outcomes in young poor responders treated with a luteal estradiol/gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (E2/ANT) protocol versus an oral contraceptive pill microdose leuprolide protocol (OCP-MDL). Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Academic practice. Patient(s): Poor responders: 186 women, aged <35 years undergoing IVF with either E2/ANT or OCP-MDL protocols. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Clinical pregnancies, oocytes retrieved, cancellation rate. Result(s): Patients in the E2/ANT group had a greater gonadotropin requirement (71.9 ± 22.2 vs. 57.6 ± 25.7) and lower E2 level (1,178.6 ± 668 vs. 1,627 ± 889), yet achieved similar numbers of oocytes retrieved and fertilized, and a greater number of embryos transferred (2.3 ± 0.9 vs. 2.0 ± 1.1) with a better mean grade (2.14 ± .06 vs. 2.7 ± 1.8) compared with the OCP/MDL group. The E2/ANT group exhibited a trend toward improved implantation rates (30.5% vs. 21.1%) and ongoing pregnancy rates per started cycle: 44 out of 117 (37%) versus 17 out of 69 (25%). Conclusion(s): Poor responders aged <35 years may be treated with the aggressive E 2/ANT protocol to improve cycle outcomes. Both protocols remain viable options for this group. Adequately powered, randomized clinical comparison appears justified. © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.
Shastri, S. M., Barbieri, E., Kligman, I., Schoyer, K. D., Davis, O. K., & Rosenwaks, Z. (2011). Stimulation of the young poor responder: Comparison of the luteal estradiol/gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist priming protocol versus oral contraceptive microdose leuprolide. Fertility and Sterility, 95(2), 592–595. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.10.003