Structural and Antioxidant Properties of Compounds Obtained from Fe2+ Chelation by Juglone and Two of Its Derivatives: DFT, QTAIM, and NBO Studies

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Abstract

The chelating ability of juglone and two of its derivatives towards Fe 2+ ion and the antioxidant activity (AOA) of the resulting chelates and complexes (in the presence of H 2 O and CH 3 OH as ligands) in gas phase is reported via bond dissociation enthalpy, ionization potential, proton dissociation enthalpy, proton affinity, and electron transfer enthalpy. The DFT/B3LYP level of theory associated with the 6-31+G(d,p) and 6-31G(d) Pople-style basis sets on the atoms of the ligands and the central Fe(II), respectively, was used. Negative chelation free energies obtained revealed that juglone derivatives possessing the O-H substituent (L 2 ) have the greatest ability to chelate Fe 2+ ion. Apart from 1B , thermodynamic descriptors of the AOA showed that the direct hydrogen atom transfer is the preferred mechanism of the studied molecules. NBO analysis showed that the Fe-ligand bonds are all formed through metal to ligand charge transfer. QTAIM studies revealed that among all the Fe-ligand bonds, the O 1 -Fe bond of 1A is purely covalent. The aforementioned results show that the ligands can be used to fight against Fe(II) toxicity, thus preserving human health, and fight against the deterioration of industrial products. In addition, most of the complexes studied have shown a better AOA than their corresponding ligands.

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Tamafo Fouegue, A. D., Ghogomu, J. N., Bikélé Mama, D., Nkungli, N. K., & Younang, E. (2016). Structural and Antioxidant Properties of Compounds Obtained from Fe2+ Chelation by Juglone and Two of Its Derivatives: DFT, QTAIM, and NBO Studies. Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8636409

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