Structure and ionic conductivity of Li 2 S-P 2 S 5 glass electrolytes simulated with first-principles molecular dynamics

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Abstract

Lithium thiophosphate-based materials are attractive as solid electrolytes in all-solid-state lithium batteries because glass or glass-ceramic structures of these materials are associated with very high conductivity. In this work, we modeled lithium thiophosphates with amorphous structures and investigated Li + mobilities by using molecular dynamics calculations based on density functional theory (DFT-MD). The structures of xLi 2 S-(100-x)P 2 S 5 (x = 67, 70, 75, and 80) were created by randomly identifying appropriate compositions of Li + , PS43-, P2S74-, and S 2- and then annealing them with DFT-MD calculations. Calculated relative stabilities of the amorphous structures with x = 67, 70, and 75 to crystals with the same compositions were 0.04, 0.12, and 0.16 kJ/g, respectively. The implication is that these amorphous structures are metastable. There was good agreement between calculated and experimental structure factors determined from X-ray scattering. The differences between the structure factors of amorphous structures were small, except for the first sharp diffraction peak, which was affected by the environment between Li and S atoms. Li + diffusion coefficients obtained from DFT-MD calculations at various temperatures for picosecond simulation times were on the order of 10 -3 -10 -5 Å 2 /ps. Ionic conductivities evaluated by the Nernst-Einstein relationship at 298.15 K were on the order of 10 -5 S/cm. The ionic conductivity of the amorphous structure with x = 75 was the highest among the amorphous structures because there was a balance between the number density and diffusibility of Li + . The simulations also suggested that isolated S atoms suppress Li + migration.

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Baba, T., & Kawamura, Y. (2016). Structure and ionic conductivity of Li 2 S-P 2 S 5 glass electrolytes simulated with first-principles molecular dynamics. Frontiers in Energy Research, 4(JUN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2016.00022

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