DMT1 is an integral membrane protein with 12 putative transmembrane domains. As a divalent metal ion transporter, it plays an important role in metal ion homeostasis from bacteria to human. Loss-function mutations at the conserved motif DPGN located within the first transmembrane domain (TMD1) of DMT1 indicate the significance of TMD1 in the biological function of the protein. In the present work, we study the structure, topology and metal ion binding of DMT1-TMD1 peptide by nuclear magnetic resonance using sodium dodecyl sulfate and dodecylphosphocholine micelles as membrane mimics. We find that the peptide forms an α-helix-extended segment-α-helix configuration in which the motif DPGN locates at the central flexible region. The N-terminal part of the peptide is deeply embedded in micelles, while the motif section and the C-terminal part are close to the surface of micelles. The peptide can bind to Mn2+ and Co2+ ions by the side chains of the negatively charged residues in the motif section and the C-terminal part of TMD1. The crucial role of the central flexible region and the C-terminal part of TMD1 in metal ion capture is confirmed by the binding of the N-terminal part truncated TMD1 to metal ions. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Wang, D., Song, Y., Li, J., Wang, C., & Li, F. (2011). Structure and metal ion binding of the first transmembrane domain of DMT1. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1808(6), 1639–1644. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2010.11.005