The masking effect of a Gaussian blob on detection of a Gaussian target was measured as a function of the position, disparity, width and polarity of the mask. The data reveal a large degree of disparity-specific masking that cannot be explained by the masking of its monocular constituents. At 5° eccentricity, the masking range extends about ±1° around the lines of sight of the two eyes and 1-3° in disparity, depending on the size of the test stimuli. The masking effects can be modeled as having three additive components, one that has a fixed disparity range and is polarity independent, one with a center/surround form keyed to both the disparity and the polarity of the mask, and one that derives from the monocular masking in each eye. Thus, the profound disparity interaction behavior is not limited to the simple monocular masking properties of the stimuli but reveals extensive connectivity across the disparity domain. Future models of disparity encoding will need to take these properties into account. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tyler, C. W., & Kontsevich, L. L. (2005). The structure of stereoscopic masking: Position, disparity, and size tuning. Vision Research, 45(25–26), 3096–3108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2005.07.034