Introduction: It is generally agreed that operative intervention is beneficial in carefully selected groups of patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). Tokuhashi etal have presented a preoperative scoring system to predict patient survival, which is widely used as a guideline for making a decision on whether to operate or not. However, only limited data are available regarding the validity of the Tokuhashi score in Southern Chinese populations. Materials and methods: We report a series of 128 patients treated in our hospital from 2000 to 2010. All patients were diagnosed to have spinal metastasis of different origins with cord compression. Of the 128, 59 underwent operation and the remaining 69 received conservative treatments. The Tokuhashi score was then calculated retrospectively. The survival rate was analysed and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In our series, the accuracy of the modified Tokuhashi scoring for predicting the survival rate in patients with MSCC was demonstrated to be 79% (101/128). The poor prognostic group showed statistically significant worse survival than the two better prognostic groups. The type of primary cancer (p=0.0015), visceral metastasis (p=0.006), and the general condition (p<0.001) were confirmed as significant survival prognostic factors. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) had the most favourable outcome with a mean survival of 20.1 months. Conclusion: The modified Tokuhashi score was statistically correlated to the overall survival of MSCC patients in a Southern Chinese population. The type of primary cancer, visceral metastasis, and the general condition were statistically significant survival factors. We recommend weighting a higher score for NPC in the modified Tokuhashi scoring system in view of its favourable prognosis. © 2014.
Yeung, Y. N., Cheung, K. K., Lam, T. C., Cheng, H. O., & Chow, Y. Y. (2014). A Study of the Predictive Value of the Modified Tokuhashi Score in Metastatic Spinal Tumour Causing Cord Compression in a Southern Chinese Population. Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation, 18(1), 15–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jotr.2013.12.004