This study focuses on clarifying the contribution of sulfation to radiation-induced apoptosis in human Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines, using 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphosulfate transporters (PAPSTs). Overexpression of PAPST1 or PAPST2 reduced radiation-induced apoptosis in Namalwa cells, whereas the repression of PAPST1 expression enhanced apoptosis. Inhibition of PAPST slightly decreased keratan sulfate (KS) expression, so that depletion of KS significantly increased radiation-induced apoptosis. In addition, the repression of all three N-acetylglucosamine-6-O-sulfotransferases (CHST2, CHST6, and CHST7) increased apoptosis. In contrast, PAPST1 expression promoted the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and Akt in irradiated Namalwa cells. These findings suggest that 6-O-sulfation of GlcNAc residues in KS reduces radiation-induced apoptosis of human Burkitt's lymphoma cells. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Nakayama, F., Umeda, S., Ichimiya, T., Kamiyama, S., Hazawa, M., Yasuda, T., … Imai, T. (2013). Sulfation of keratan sulfate proteoglycan reduces radiation-induced apoptosis in human Burkitt’s lymphoma cell lines. FEBS Letters, 587(2), 231–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2012.12.002