The planning and implementation of an effective postoperative pain management program depend on the surgical technique for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the type of regional anesthesia, and the multimodal analgesia regimen. It is imperative to understand the surgical anatomy of TKA and the relevant nerve supply of the knee for optimum perioperative patient satisfaction with respect to pain management in the patient undergoing TKA. The commonly used regional techniques have their own specific benefits and limitations. The ideal postoperative pain management should be customized for a patient to achieve the goals of effective pain control, early ambulation, faster recovery, and discharge.
Kukreja, P., Feinstein, J., Kalagara, H. K., Huntley, S. R., Lee, S. R., Naranje, S., & Shah, A. (2018). A Summary of the Anatomy and Current Regional Anesthesia Practices for Postoperative Pain Management in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2755