A survey of European-African surgeons' management of common bile duct stones

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Background Common bile duct (CBD) stones can be managed by either endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE). The aim of this survey was to document the management of CBD stones by European-African HPB Association (E-AHPBA) members. Methods All 331 members of the E-AHPBA were invited by personal email to participate to an online survey. Results Ninety-three (28%) surgeons replied within 2 months. Responding surgeons were attending surgeons (84%), working as HPB surgeons (75%) in academic hospitals (73%). In patients with clinically suspected CBD stones, MRCP was the preferred diagnostic test for 61% of respondents. LCBDE was the preferred therapeutic strategy for 11 (12%) respondents only. Previous gastric surgery was an absolute contraindication to ERCP for 47% of respondents. Absence of CBD dilation was considered an absolute contraindication for LCBDE in 24% of respondents. Yearly caseload exceeded 10 patients for only 30% of 56 centers performing LCBDE. The transcystic approach was preferred by 39% of surgeons performing LCBDE. There was considerable variation amongst respondents with regard to type and duration of drainage, bile duct closure technique and follow-up after LCBDE. Conclusion Indications for single-stage LCBDE are not standardized and do not appear well established across E-AHPBA members.




Vannijvel, M., Lesurtel, M., Bouckaert, W., Houben, B., Knol, J., Vangertruyden, G., & Sergeant, G. (2016). A survey of European-African surgeons’ management of common bile duct stones. HPB, 18(12), 959–964. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2016.10.007

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