This paper presents a conceptual GIS-supported sustainable tourism infrastructure planning approach (STIP). This approach aims at integrating a comprehensive set of sustainability criteria (i.e., dealing with development objectives, preferred visitor experiences, and carrying capacity standards) in tourism planning, using GIS. STIP involves three phases: a visitor segmentation phase, a zoning phase, and a transportation network planning phase. To demonstrate the integration of these phases, STIP was applied to the Sinharaja Forest Reserve, a tropical rainforest in Sri Lanka's southwestern wet-zone. The area is experiencing increasing visitor use and requires additional trail development, as to mitigate resource stress. The resulting trail networks, which were mapped conform the sustainability criteria, provide directives for the area's sustainable development.
Boers, B., & Cottrell, S. (2005). Sustainable tourism infrastructure planning: a gis based approach. In J. G. Peden & R. M. Schuster (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2005 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (pp. 151–160). U.S. Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station.