Taurine is an important osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation. During regulatory volume decrease it is released via a volume-sensitive organic osmolyte/anion channel. Several molecules have been suggested as candidates for osmolyte release. In this study, we chose three of these, namely ClC-2, ClC-3 and I(Cln), because of their expression in rat astrocytes, a cell type which is known to release taurine under hypotonic stress, and their activation by hypotonic shock. As all three candidates were also suggested to be chloride channels, we investigated their permeability for both chloride and taurine under isotonic and hypotonic conditions using the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system. We found a volume-sensitive increase of chloride permeability in ClC-2-expressing oocytes only. Yet, the taurine permeability was significantly increased under hypotonic conditions in oocytes expressing any of the tested candidates. Further experiments confirmed that the detected taurine efflux does not represent unspecific leakage. These results suggest that ClC-2, ClC-3 and I(Cln) either participate in taurine transport themselves or upregulate an endogenous oocyte osmolyte channel. In either case, the taurine efflux of oocytes not being accompanied by an increased chloride flux suggests that taurine and chloride can be released via two separate pathways. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Stegen, C., Matskevich, I., Wagner, C. A., Paulmichl, M., Lang, F., & Bröer, S. (2000). Swelling-induced taurine release without chloride channel activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing anion channels and transporters. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1467(1), 91–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-2736(00)00209-1