Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of cobalt doped cerium oxide (CeO2:Co) nanoparticles by using hydrothermal method

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Abstract

Different concentrations (2, 4, 6, and 8 mole %) of cobalt doped cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2:Co NPs) were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The synthesized samples were characterized by using various techniques to understand their structural, optical and surface morphological properties. The face-centred cubic (FCC) structure of the CeO2:Co NPs was identified from the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The calculated crystallites size of the CeO2:Co NPs were decreased from 20nm to 17nm on increased the concentration of cobalt from 2 mole % to 8 mole %. The bonding formation between cerium and oxygen (CeO) was confirmed using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). The surface morphology and shape of the CeO2:Co NPs were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The SEM images have revealed a cube shaped, uniformly distributed and well dispersed CeO2:Co NPs. Further, a slight distortion of surface morphology was obtained when increased the concentration of cobalt. The optical properties were investigated by using ultra-violet visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy. A optical absorption band nature was observed from CeO2:Co NPs when compared with bulk spectrum. The bandgap energy of the CeO2:Co NPs were increased from 3.64eV to 3.69eV on increased the cobalt concentration. The photoluminescence (PL) emission spectrum of CeO2:Co NPs showed an enhanced defect of reduced emission by using spectrofluorometer. The CeO2:Co NPs resulted good antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria such Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus Cereus and Salmonella Typhi. Hence, the CeO2:Co NPs could be used as biomaterial in nano-biotechnology applications.

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Syed Khadar, Y. A., Balamurugan, A., Devarajan, V. P., Subramanian, R., & Dinesh Kumar, S. (2018, January 1). Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of cobalt doped cerium oxide (CeO2:Co) nanoparticles by using hydrothermal method. Journal of Materials Research and Technology. Elsevier Editora Ltda. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2017.12.005

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