Anatase TiO2 colloidal dispersions were obtained by hydrothermal synthesis at 200 °C from titanium isopropoxide gels modified with acetic acid in the presence of a non-ionic surfactant. Absolute ethanol, anhydrous terpineol and ethyl cellulose were added to this anatase dispersion resulting in a 23 wt% TiO2 paste. Mesoporous films for application as working electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells were prepared by the screen-printing method, yielding reproducible films with thicknesses about 10 μm and desired porosity levels in a single printing operation. An average energy conversion efficiency of 5.2%, and a fill factor of 0.66 were achieved with anatase particle sizes ranging between 15 and 20 nm. The reproducibility of the results was confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
Muniz, E. C., Góes, M. S., Silva, J. J., Varela, J. A., Joanni, E., Parra, R., & Bueno, P. R. (2011). Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous TiO2 nanostructured films prepared by a modified sol-gel method for application in dye solar cells. Ceramics International, 37(3), 1017–1024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2010.11.014