This review describes strategies for the chemical synthesis of xenicane diterpenoids and structurally related metabolites. Selected members from the four different subclasses of the Xenia diterpenoid family, the xenicins, xeniolides, xeniaphyllanes and xeniaethers, are presented. The synthetic strategies are discussed with an emphasis on the individual key reactions for the construc-tion of the uncommon nine-membered carbocycle which is the characteristic structural feature of these natural products. Add-itionally, the putative biosynthetic pathway of xenicanes is illustrated.
Huber, T., Weisheit, L., & Magauer, T. (2015). Synthesis of Xenia diterpenoids and related metabolites isolated from marine organisms. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 11, 2521–2539. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.11.273