Background: Adenoidal hypertrophy is a common respiratory disease in childhood with a lethal complication of Cor-Pulmonale. There are few studies on the prevalence of adenoidal hypertrophy in children in Nigeria. The aim of the current study is to document the echocardiographic characteristics of Nigerian Children with adenoidal hypertrophy and compare the findings with those of other children in other parts of the world. Method: The study was prospective, involving subjects from three centers which were; a tertiary hospital, a private hospital and a major cardiology center. Children with clinical and radiological diagnosis of adenoidal hypertrophy had transthoracic echocardiography done by a cardiologist. Results: A total of 1,346 children had echocardiography done within the three years studied period in the centers. In all, 128 had adenoidal hypertrophy with a prevalence of 9.5%.Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension was 5.47% in subjects with adenoidal hypertrophy. More than 90% of the children with adenoidal hypertrophy had normal echocardiographic findings. Conclusion: Most Nigeria children with adenoidal hypertrophy had normal echocardiographic findings but some (5.5%) had abnormal echocardiographic findings. The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension among Nigerian Children with adenoidal hypertrophy is 5.5%. This is lower than that reported in subjects from other parts of the world.
de Oliveira Botelho, C. A., Moraes da Rocha, B. A., Oliveira Botelho Junior, C. A. de, & Renato Alvaro, G. (2016). Syphilis and Miscarriage: A Study of 879,831 Pregnant Women in Brazil. Translational Medicine, 06(04). https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-1025.1000184