Objective: We compared pooled estimates of event rates for amputations, conduit failures, reinfections, early mortalities, and late mortalities in patients with aortic graft infection who were treated by extra-anatomic bypass, rifampicin-bonded prostheses, cryopreserved allografts, or autogenous veins. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of English language reports in MEDLINE back to 1985 and a meta-analysis was performed on the results. Studies were selected on the basis of medical subject headings aortic, graft, and infection, and also by a standardized and independent quality rating. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were met by 37 clinical studies. Pooled estimates of mean event rates for amputations, conduit failures, reinfections, early (≤30 day) mortalities, and late (>30 days) mortalities were determined for each treatment modality. Tests of heterogeneity and sensitivity analyses were performed. Results: Fixed effect analyses, derived after tests of heterogeneity, yielded overall pooled estimates of mean event rates for all outcomes combined of 0.16 for extra-anatomic bypass, 0.07 for rifampicin-bonded prostheses, 0.09 for cryopreserved allografts, and 0.10 for autogenous vein; a lower value signifies fewer overall events associated with the treatment modality. Overall, the robustness of our meta-analysis was demonstrated by the reasonable heterogeneity of pooled data from individual studies (Q statistic <25; P >.1 for all treatment outcomes across all modalities) and the limited variability of outcomes after sensitivity analyses. Conclusion: Although limited by the design of individual published studies whose data were pooled together in this meta-analysis, our results lead to questions concerning whether extra-anatomic bypass should remain the gold standard for treatment of aortic graft infection. © 2006 The Society for Vascular Surgery.
O’Connor, S., Andrew, P., Batt, M., & Becquemin, J. P. (2006). A systematic review and meta-analysis of treatments for aortic graft infection. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 44(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2006.02.053