A systematic review of prosthetic restoration in patients with shortened dental arches

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Abstract

The literature regarding the effect of prosthetic restoration in patients having distal extension edentulous space in posterior area (shortened dental arch: SDA) is reviewed in the following article. Information retrieval followed a systematic approach using PubMed. Articles in English published between 1966 and March 2011 describing the outcome of treatment with various prostheses were evaluated. From the search results of 98 articles, 21 articles met the inclusion criteria. Treatment with removable partial dentures (RPDs) improved masticatory function, patient satisfaction and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, no significant difference was found in the outcomes between patients with RPDs and with cantilever fixed partial dentures (CFPDs). Caries developed more frequently after treatment with RPDs than CFPDs. The time to survival for CFPDs was not longer than that for RPDs, while more visits to maintain RPDs were required than for CFPDs. No significant difference was found in masticatory function, OHRQoL, and occlusal stability between patients with RPDs and those without restoration of missing molars. Consequently, treatment with RPDs for SDA seems to be less advantageous than CFPDs or no restoration for missing molars. Further research is required to validate treatment with implant-supported fixed partial dentures for SDA. © 2011 Japanese Association for Dental Science.

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Fueki, K., Yoshida, E., & Igarashi, Y. (2011). A systematic review of prosthetic restoration in patients with shortened dental arches. Japanese Dental Science Review. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdsr.2011.03.003

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