Tandem dinucleophilic cyclization of cyclohexane-1,3-diones with pyridinium salts

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The cyclization of cyclohexane-1,3-diones with various substituted pyridinium salts afforded functionalized 8-oxa-10-aza-tricyclo[ 2,7]trideca-2(7),11-dienes. The reaction proceeds by regioselective attack of the central carbon atom of the 1,3-dicar-bonyl unit to 4-position of the pyridinium salt and subsequent cyclization by base-assisted proton migration and nucleophilic addition of the oxygen atom to the 2-position, as was elucidated by DFT computations. Fairly extensive screening of bases and additives revealed that the presence of potassium cations is essential for formation of the product. © 2013 Kiamehr et al; licensee Beilstein-Institut.




Kiamehr, M., Moghaddam, F. M., Mkrtchyan, S., Semeniuchenko, V., Supe, L., Villinger, A., … Laroshenko, V. O. (2013). Tandem dinucleophilic cyclization of cyclohexane-1,3-diones with pyridinium salts. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 9, 1119–1126. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.9.124

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