Task-Set Switching and Long-Term Memory Retrieval

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Abstract

The authors tested the hypothesis of a close relationship between the intentional component of task-set switching ("advance reconfiguration;" R. D. Rogers & S. Monsell, 1995) and long-term memory (LTM) retrieval. Consistent with this hypothesis, switch costs are reported to be larger when the switched-to task involves high retrieval demands (i.e., retrieval of episodic information) than when it involves low retrieval demands (i.e., retrieval of semantic information). In contrast, switch costs were not affected by a primary-task difficulty manipulation unrelated to intentional retrieval demands (Experiment 2). Also, the retrieval-demand effect on switch costs was eliminated when time for advanced preparation or task cues explicitly specifying the task rules were provided (Experiment 3). Overall, results were consistent with the hypothesis that the intentional switch-cost component reflects the time demands of retrieving appropriate task rules from LTM,

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Mayr, U., & Kliegl, R. (2000). Task-Set Switching and Long-Term Memory Retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 26(5), 1124–1140. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.26.5.1124

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